History of Anatolian Plateauvirtual office di jakarta .adv - Anatolia has worked as a bridge between the civilizations of Europe and Asia for thousands of years, with waves of various cultures making the most of this main position and developing cities and empires on the plateau. The place of the very first big empire of the Western world, the Hittite, dating from the 15th century B.C.E., the Anatolian Plateau was later on given its modern-day name Anatolia, or "increasing sun" by the Greeks looking eastward.
Geography of the PlateauMost of the Anatolian Plateau lies at elevations above 1,640 feet (500 m).This mountainous region lies at the center of the Arabian, African, Eurasian, Aegean and Turkish tectonic plates: the resulting landscape is dotted with volcanoes (today extinct) and routine earthquakes. The main plateau is composed of uplifted blocks and downfolded troughs filled by shallow salt lakes. Elevations on the plateau itself range from 1,980 to 3,960 feet (600 to 1,200 m). This increases to the east, where the two range of mountains, the Taurus and Pontic, sign up with to form the eastern highlands (consisting of the greatest mountain peaks in Turkey such as Mount Ararat).
The two biggest basins on the plateau are the Konya Ovasi and the basin occupied by Tuz Golu (Salt Lake)-both drain large inland locations and have no external outlet. Other parts of the Anatolian Plateau are drained either by short rivers that stream south into the Mediterranean, or by numerous larger rivers (notably the Halys and the Sakarya) that drain pipes northward into the Black Sea.
Two extinct VOLCANOES, Erciyes and Hasan, left lava flows that have worn down over time to form amazing landscapes of rock cones and topped pinnacles in Goreme, near Nevsehir. The earth in these locations is colored a range of grays and reds. The Anatolian plateau is primarily dry with a mixture of dark and desert soils. Summers here are hotter and drier than in the rest of Anatolia, however also colder and wetter in the winter season, with temperature levels balancing freezing and frequent heavy snows.
The Anatolian plateau is primarily covered in STEPPE, with brief yards, bushes and stunted willow trees. Wooded areas are restricted to the northwest and northeast, and growing (wheat and barley) is restricted to narrow river valleys. IRRIGATION is practiced where water is readily available, but a deeply established river course makes it difficult for engineers to raise the water to the surrounding farming land.
Summertime dust storms, locusts, extreme heat, and periodic droughts restrict agricultural output. Some locations are cultivated with orchards and vineyards, but for one of the most part the land is used for grazing. Some larger animals reside in the highlands (wolf, fox, bear), but the ubiquitous domesticated Angora goat is all over. Stock raising is necessary and overgrazing has also triggered some erosion issues.
Current stateThe capital of the republic of Turkey was transferred to the Anatolian Plateau in 1923. The city of Ankara was picked as the capital of the brand-new state to remove it from undertones of the royal capital at Istanbul and to put it in the geographic center of the nation. The area is likewise the home of ancient ruins of the Hittite civilization at Catal Huyuk and to the underground cities of Kaymakli and Derinkuyu, ancient refuges for early Christians.
Konya (Roman Iconium) is the area's significant cultural center, understood for its mosques and "whirling dervishes.".
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