Courtesy of wikipedia - Altai mountains
articlemostwanted - THE ALTAI MOUNTAINS are a system of remote mountains in central Asia that cover an area of 326,256 square mi (845,000 square km) bounding RUSSIA, KAZAKHSTAN, MONGOLIA, and CHINA. This system is a natural marvel that has been mainly unblemished by huge markets and has a really sporadic population. Its name is originated from the Mongolian word altan, which means "golden." This region is the home of many types of wild animals and plants and is comprised of various landscapes. Most of the population in this area depends on farming and tourism.

Altai mountains stretch for 1,242 mi (2,000 km) from northwest to southeast, reaching a height of about 14,783 feet (4,506 m) at Belukha. Many rivers can be discovered in the Altai Mountains and the majority of them are fed by glaciers. Some of the largest rivers are Katun, Biya, and Chuya.

lemari asam laboratorium .adv - The glaciers cover a location of about 900 square mi(2,330 square km). Together with extensive river disintegrations, they have contributed significantly to the development of the ruggedness of the region, where high waterfalls, steppes, and countless lakes can also be discovered. The deepest lake in the Altai Mountains, Telet-skoe, is 1,066 ft (325 m) deep. The Altai Mountains are the source of the Ob and Irtysh Rivers, 2 of the significant rivers in Asia. The region is rich in many natural resources like iron, gold, mercury, manganese, and marble. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) acknowledged the significance in protecting this eco-region and added 5 clusters of the Altai in the World Natural Heritage List.

The area is defined by a continental climate with long, cold winters and short, cool summer seasons. Snow starts covering the mountains during October and November, marking the start of winter season. Temperature levels struck the lowest in January, where they can vary from 7 degrees F (-14 degrees C) in the foothills to -76 degrees F (-60 degrees C) in the STEPPEs. In northern Siberia, one can discover vast locations of completely frozen soil. Summertimes begin someplace in between May and July and end in September. Throughout this time temperature levels frequently reach 75 degrees F (24 degrees C) throughout the day. Temperature levels of 104 degrees F (40 degrees C) have likewise been recorded in the lower regions. At night, temperature levels get cooler, normally ranging from 41 degrees F (5 degrees C) to 50 degrees F (10 degrees C). Elevations of 5,000 to 65,000 ft (1,500 to 19,000 m) experience high precipitation, normally ranging from 20 in (50 cm) to 40 in (1 m) a year. One aspect of the summertime that many individuals appreciate is the absence of mosquitoes.

Four vegetation zones can be found in the Altai Mountains: the mountain subdesert, steppe, forest, and the Alpine areas. The most extensively used plants and trees are cedar, badan, kuril tea, and marijuana. The subdesert has hardly any plant life; the few plants that exist are drought-resistant and salt-tolerant. Numerous sod turfs and shrubs can be discovered in the steppe. The forest is usually boggy and covers a large location in the low to medium mountain location. Here are found pines, firs, larches, and birch and aspen forests. The meadows in the Alpine region are utilized for pasture throughout the summer season.

Wildlife is abundant in this region. There are 230 types of small birds, like woodpeckers, and 20 species of fish. Big mammals like bears, lynx, and musk deer are found mainly in the forest. In the Alpine area live reindeer, mountain goats, rams, as well as unusual animals like snow leopards. Some locations in the mountains are unattainable to locals and visitors since they are utilized to study uncommon types of animals and plants.

The Altai Mountains are occupied by mainly Altais and Russian inhabitants, a number of whom moved there in the 19th century, primarily to leave religious persecution The native population that existed before the 19th century continues to stay in the old ways and is somewhat separated from civilization. This area deals with many difficulties, particularly with civilization knocking on its door. The big concern is ways to maintain the ecosystem and its natural charm in spite of the enhancing variety of travelers and developments.

source: R.W. MCCOLL, PH.D.

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